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refugees and asylum seekers registered by the UNHCR in Egypt


psychologist per million population

The situation in Egypt

Precarious humanitarian and healthcare situation for migrants


Since the closure of the Balkan route and the introduction of greater controls on the Turkish border, the Mediterranean coast of Egypt has become a major place of departure for migrants and refugees heading for Europe. Migrantsinfo-icon, especially those from Sub-Saharan Africa, are increasingly drawn to Egypt due to its central location. This applies to hundreds of thousands of Sudanese, Eritrean and Ethiopian migrants who arrive in Egypt with the help of criminal networks and who wish to travel on to Israel or Europe.

Many thousands of these migrants are victims of organ trafficking which has developed alongside the people trafficking. The business of selling organs for thousands of euros and with no medical supervision seriously endangers the migrants’ already fragile health. Barriers to services such as healthcare, education, housing and employment forces people to live on the margins of society. In a country already suffering high levels of employment and poor access to basic services, the migrants are increasingly seen as an unwanted burden and are subjected to discrimination.

There are many people within the Egyptian population who suffer from mood disorders, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder.

Egyptians also suffer the effects of fragile healthcare policy


In addition, there are many people within the Egyptian population who suffer from mood disorders, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder. This is particularly true of survivors of domestic abuse, children who live on the streets, prisoners, victims of political violence, people with disabilities, people who use drugs and those with AIDS or hepatitis C. Their problems have a direct impact on their relationships with those around them, especially at the level of the family unit.

However, mental health services in Egypt focus primarily on prevention and are concentrated in hospitals. These services operate under the authority of the General Secretariat of Mental Health which is part of the Ministry of Health. The staff in community settings are not trained in mental healthcare and there is a desperate shortage of specific drugs.


Our activities in Egypt

Deprived of healthcare

Addressing the mental health challenge

To address this healthcare crisis, Médecins du Monde launched a project in 2017 to improve access to mental healthcare for refugees and migrants, as well as host communities, in urban areas of the capital, in Cairo and Giza Governorates.

In Egypt social and cultural prejudices form significant barriers to accessing this type of care, although the needs are very real. In 2017, there was one psychologist for every million people on average at the national level.


Helping local organisations provide care for mental health conditions


Médecins du Monde works to build capacity and raise awareness among staff at primary healthcare centres and NGOs with the aim of improving access to mental healthcare and psychosocial support.

The training and support provided at 12 health centres and by four NGOs, as well as advocacy work targeted at the health authorities, seek to integrate mental healthcare and psychosocial support into existing services.


These interventions are complemented by prevention and awareness-raising activities in specific communities. We work closely with four local partner organisations and over 30 community centres where the flows of migrants and refugees are mainly concentrated.

This work plays a vital role in strengthening the link between the community, the NGOs and the state healthcare services, particularly primary healthcare centres.


The Cairo
The Cairo

In 2019


  • supported 12 health centres in the Cairo region

  • trained 63 healthcare workers and partners

  • delivered 169 mental health awareness-raising sessions

  • developed the capacity of 4 local organisations

  • trained 12 migrant community facilitator


our institutional support

Access to reproductive healthcare for girls living on the streets in Cairo. Programme closed in 2008.
Promotion of healthcare rights for street children in Cairo and Giza. Programme closed in 2012.
Mental healthcare for those most at risk in Cairo and Giza.
Launch of new project on improving access to mental healthcare for migrants, refugees and host communities in Cairo.

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