Afrique

En 2009, un projet de loi prévoyait la peine de mort pour les homosexuels séropositifs. ©Neamoscou
In Uganda, homosexuality is considered a crime punishable by long years in prison. In this country where an estimated 2% of the population is thought to be LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender), coming out is perilous, both for the people concerned and for their families. Despite the best...
© Reuters
The armed conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian government forces began in 2009, in the north-east of the country before spreading to the region of Lake Chad and the neighbouring regions. Since 2015, the Joint Multinational Force combining troops from Chad , Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and...
© Reuters
Urgence
Les civils, premières victimes des conflits armés au Nigéria Le Nigéria est en proie à une crise humanitaire majeure due à la situation géopolitique désastreuse dans lequel le pays est enlisé. Le conflit armé entre Boko Haram et les forces gouvernementales nigérianes a commencé en 2009, dans le...
Plusieurs pays d’Afrique, notamment le Nigéria, le Soudan du Sud et la Somalie, et le Yémen font actuellement face à une grave crise alimentaire : Médecins du Monde renforce ses activités et appelle à une réaction urgente de la communauté internationale pour faciliter l’accès humanitaire.
Scène de rue, à Dar-Es-Salam, en Tanzanie © William Daniels
Because Tanzania is one of the major transit points for heroin trafficking from Central Asia, drug use has spread, and with it the transmission of AIDS and Hepatitis. The country has 300,000 drug users , of whom, half are concentrated in Dar es Salaam, the main city. Risky practices, such as needle...
© Jelle Boone
After 20 years of civil wars and political instability, Somalia remains a conflict zone . As fighting is now concentrated in the south of the country, civilians are taking refuge in the north, particularly in the port city of Bosasso, in northern Puntland, a state in the far north of Somalia. It is...
In Kinshasa, about half of all pregnancies are unwanted and across the country, one in four girls becomes pregnant for the first time before the age of 19. Access to contraception is illegal for minors and abortion is permitted only for medical purposes, but even in such cases access to abortion is...
In Uganda, homophobia is a harsh reality for LGBT people (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender). Since 2009, the country has tried several times to tighten its legislation against homosexuality. Recent parliamentary debates have reinforced an already deeply rooted intolerance, fuelled by certain...
Women and children The Island’s overall health situation has deteriorated since the political crisis in 2009. Women are the first to suffer. By failing to arrive on time in healthcare centres, many of them die during childbirth. Whilst use of contraception has increased, access to modern, effective...
© Quentin Top
Kenya is one of the countries with the most injecting drug users . Users are stigmatised by the population and by health professionals, they are marginalised, and often have no access to the care that they need. Without the necessary treatment, with no sterile equipment available and often unaware...