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Tool kit

Conceived for the international solidarity actors, this tool kit offers a number of support materials to tackle the various aspects and impacts of sociocultural determinants of access to health care and to promote their consideration.

It offers theoretical and operational content such as methodology guides,  the reference framework, awareness-raising films, a Check-list for the identification of sociocultural variables by Michel Sauquet and a bibliography for further research.

Quatre films courts axés sur autant de déterminants socioculturels sont proposés ici. Ils peuvent servir d’appui à des séances de sensibilisation.

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bibliography by topic

The bibliography offers a selection of works dealing with the sociocultural determinants of health. The works listed, recommended by the SCD working group, tackle general and thematic aspects: public health, prevention, community participation and health, development, traditional medecine, relationship between the carer and the cared-for, methodology …
DATA COLLECTION. QUANTITATIVE METHODS
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Quantitative methods

The aim of this paper is to present the different steps and rules for the preparation and implementation of quantitative surveys which must be rigorously implemented in order to make full use of the results (i.e. capturing representative data, applicable to the entire population).


DATA COLLECTION. QUALITATIVE METHODOLOGIES
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Qualitative methodologies

Given over entirely to the qualitative methodology of data collection, this guide is aimed at setting out the main stages and techniques, i.e. observation, individual interviews, the focus group and the sociocultural diagnostic. It details the objectives of each of these methods, the prerequisites, the type of information that each enables to collect


VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: GENDER, CULTURE AND  SOCIETIES. PRACTICAL APPROACH   
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Violence against women - Gender, culture and societies

A guide for understanding the role played by sociocultural determinants in matters of violence against women and to help in the identification and awareness of these determinants from the moment a programme is first conceived. A theoretical and practical approach that integrates methodological support, recommendations and a practical study that enable a sociocultural diagnostic to be undertaken within a given context of intervention.

A bibliography on the subject is suggested at the end of the guide… 


HEALTH EDUCATION . A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR HEALTH PROJECTS    
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Education for health

This guide offers a common basis in terms of vocabulary and methodologies to tackle the key concepts in health education. Its objective is to encourage community participation and to allow everyone to make responsible choices in their behaviour where these may have an effect on their health and that of the community. It also develops some thoughts on the importance of the inclusion of the sociocultural context of the population when formulating messages and implementing awareness-raising arrangements.


HEALTH EDUCATION . RAISING AWARENESS ABOUT GENDER BASED VIOLENCE

To conceive and to use an awareness-raising device (posters, leaflets …) is a delicate matter. Therefore, a poster on awareness-raising about gender-based violence is not targeted at one type of person, and, taking into account the size of the problem, it is important to resort to different methods. The over production that results can sometimes worry the professional who is called upon to use them or it can cause the initial relevance of the message to be lost.

The SCD working group offers two tools that provide criteria in the drawing up of posters capable of fairly transmitting the message one is wishing to convey :


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UNIFEM, dénoncer sans représenter

UNIFEM, denounce violence without without displaying it”

This first document analyses awareness-raising tools on violence against women introduced by the agency UNIFEM (United Nations Development Fund for Women) in various contexts and at different times, showing how the awareness-raising posters it offers differ from those prepared by others working on this issue.


“Violence against women: 200 photos for discussion”

In a second document, the SCD working group has got hold of more than 200 examples of posters related to raising-awareness about violence against women and offers a targeted decoding through the analysis of each image and their classification into categories.

From clearly violent imagery to different kinds of images and symbols, from the text message to the drawing, the choice is deliberately exhaustive so as to demonstrate the variety of approaches used, their limits and their advantages.


33 QUESTION FOR TACKLING INTER CULTURAL ISSUES

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Grille d'identification des variables socioculturelles

The same reality can be perceived in a totally different way according to the point of view and the angle of observation at which one is situated. The “Grid of sociocultural drivers governing attitudes and operating modes” developed by Michel Sauquet, Consultant in inter cultural studies and teacher (Sciences Po, École Centrale de Paris, Université Paris-Dauphine…) provides a list of questions to be taken into account within the framework of an inter cultural meeting, a visit abroad, a partnership agreement, in order to better comprehend the culture of the Other. It helps to avoid misunderstandings or mistakes and it stimulates an attitude of curiosity and doubt and encourages the continuous questioning of reasoning that is too often self-centred.


REFERENCE FRAMEWORK
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Conceptual framework

The reference framework demonstrates the wealth that can be brought to the process of humanitarian aid by taking a decentred outlook. Fully focussed on interdisciplinary coverage, it offers various ways of entering into a better understanding of the sociocultural diversity of the people with whom Doctors of the World works. Analyses, definitions, work methods: so many tools offered in this document written by a medical anthropologist  which enables those involved in   international solidarity to identify and take into account the influence of   sociocultural determinants in the way they deliver and think about health care, to improve the relevance of projects and their implementation.