people migrate each year between the northern Central American triangle and Mexico
Among those who migrate each year between the northern Central American triangle and Mexico, more and more are families, women and children who are fleeing insecurity related to organized crime, gang and police violence.
However, since 2014, highly repressive migration policies and border control have led to a drastic increase in the number of expulsions from Mexico into Central America. The result is extreme vulnerability of the displaced people, not only on their migration route but also during their forced return. Civil society today is not organized and structured to meet these new challenges.
Doctors of the World France and Spain associations have been running a joint project since 2016 to ensure access to care for migrants in transit to Mexico as well as those deported into Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. During the first year of the project, partnership agreements were signed with three state or state-owned structures and with four "grass roots" associations in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, which are working on several stages of the migration journey. In Guatemala, for example, unaccompanied migrant minors receive medical treatment in the Childhood Refuge.
Doctors of the World has also taken part in the human rights monitoring mission which took place in November 2016. 22 international observers travelled 2,211km on the migratory route in Central America and Mexico. They were able to interview more than 600 key figures, migrants, collectives, grassroots organizations and authorities, on the conditions in which migrant populations travel, thus highlighting the vulnerability of people during their journey and the impact on their health.
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